Deploy in a disconnected environment

When internet access is prohibited in or unavailable to your organization, you can deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes in a disconnected environment. To do so, you will need to create your own container registry, use offline tools to populate your container images, and configure the organization to use local resources.

Prepare for deployment

Before deploying ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes for disconnected use, review the system requirements and steps to plan for deployment. You will also need access to each of the following:

  • Internet access to obtain container images
  • Credentials for the Esri Docker Hub repository
  • Credentials for read and write access to your own private container registry
  • Docker Engine
  • A storage device with 100 GB of free disk space to store downloaded images

Understand offline tools

The ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes deployment package includes a set of tools that are used to pull images from the Esri Docker Hub repository to your local client machine so that you can work in a disconnected environment.

These offline tools are under tools/create-offline-images in the directory where you extracted the deployment package and include the following:

  • create-offline-manifest.sh—Used to download the latest Esri published version manifest file and import it into your organization.
  • image-download.sh—Used to download container images to a storage device that you specify.
  • image-upload.sh—Used to upload container images from the storage device to your container registry.

Note:

To run offline tools, ensure you have the tar and gzip standard packages installed on your client machine.

Download images

To download images, complete the following steps from a client machine with internet access:

  1. On your Kubernetes client machine, open a terminal.
  2. Change directories to the location of your offline tools.
  3. In the terminal, run the image-download.sh script using the following command format:
    ./image-download.sh -r docker.io/esridocker -u <username> -p <password> -d <directory> -t <version tag>
    
    Note:

    To find the version tag for a release, see the Release notes.

    1. Alternatively, you can create a *.properties file and include these parameters:
      REGISTRY=”docker.io/esridocker”
      USER=”<myusername>”
      PASS=”<mypassword>”
      TAG=”<version_tag>”
      DOWNLOAD_DIR=”</path/to/download/directory>”
      

      To run the script using the properties file, use the following command:

    ./image-download.sh -f <*.properties>
    
  4. Note:

    Because the script downloads all tagged images from the Esri repository, it takes some time to complete. If a download is interrupted, rerun the script to resume it.

Upload images

Once you've downloaded the images, you can upload them to your private container registry using the image-upload.sh script.

  1. On your Kubernetes client machine, open a terminal.
  2. Change directories to the location of your offline tools.
  3. In the terminal, run the image-upload.sh script using the following command format:
    ./image-upload.sh -r <local.registry/organization> -u <username> -p <password> -d </path/to/saved/images/directory> -t <version tag>
    
    Note:

    To find the version tag for a release, see the Release notes.

    1. Alternatively, you can create a *.properties file and include these parameters:
      REGISTRY=”local.registry/organization”
      USER=”<myusername>”
      PASS=”<mypassword>”
      TAG=”<version_tag>”
      DOWNLOAD_DIR=”</path/to/saved/images/directory>”
      

      To run the script using the properties file, use the following command:

    ./image-upload.sh -f <*.properties>
    
  4. Note:

    Because the script uploads all tagged images to your private container repository, it takes some time to complete. If an upload is interrupted, rerun the script to resume it.

Deploy

After you've uploaded images to your container registry, run the deployment script to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes. The deployment script is interactive and prompts you for several parameters.

Note:
When specifying the registry host, you must specify the details for your private container registry.

Configure the organization

After you've run the deployment script, follow the steps to create an organization. These steps are the same for organizations with and without internet access.

Download and import version manifest

By default, ArcGIS Enterprise Administrator API uses a well-known URL to detect when container image updates are available. When your Kubernetes cluster is not connected to the internet, you need to download this file and import it into your organization.

Use the create-offline-manifest.sh script to download the latest Esri published version manifest file and import it into your organization. Internet access is required when downloading the version manifest file.

  1. On your Kubernetes client machine, open a terminal.
  2. Change directories to the location of your offline tools.
  3. In the terminal, run the create-offline-manifest.sh script using the following command format to download the latest Esri published version manifest file:
    ../create-offline-manifest.sh -d <directory>/manifest.dat
    
  4. In the terminal, run the create-offline-manifest.sh script using the following command format to import the version manifest file into your organization:
    ./create-offline-manifest.sh -i </path/to/saved/manifest.dat> -u <organization username> -p <organization password> -a https://organization URL/context
    
    1. If you created an organization using the configure.sh script, you can perform the following command:
      ./create-offline-manifest.sh -i </path/to/saved/manifest.dat> -f ../configure/configure.properties
      
  5. Once the version manifest has been imported, you have completed the deployment steps. Next, you will configure the organization to use local resources where applicable.

Configure local resources

When the organization is disconnected from the internet, configure the organization to use local services and resources where applicable.

Configure custom basemaps

The organization is preconfigured with a collection of basemaps from ArcGIS Online. These basemaps are not supported for use in a disconnected environment. Instead, create your own custom basemaps and configure the organization to offer these basemaps in the basemap gallery.

See Customize basemaps for details on creating and configuring custom basemaps in your organization.

Configure utility services

By default, utility services are configured to use those from ArcGIS Online. To learn how to update the utility services to point to your own local services, see Configure utility services.

ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World content

ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World is a collection of ready-to-use geographic content available from ArcGIS Online. It is not supported in disconnected environments. To disable ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World content, see steps to disable or adjust other ArcGIS Online resources.

Disable external content

Because some Esri content requires external access to the internet, you must disable the content to prevent requests to ArcGIS Online resources. When you disable the content, a specific group of items is disabled:

  • All content, including basemap items, owned by "esri_[lang]" that contains URLs to external sites. The items disabled will depend on the content languages enabled for your organization.
  • All content owned by "esri" that contains URLs to external sites.
  • All content owned by "esri_apps" that contains URLs to external sites.

To disable external content, complete the following steps:

  1. Sign in to the ArcGIS Enterprise Administrator API.

    The URL is in the format https://organization.example.com/context/admin.

  2. Click System > Content > External Content > Update.
  3. Set Enable External Content to False.
  4. Click Update.

Once external content has been disabled, items that contain URLs to external sites will not be discoverable or returned in search results.

Disable or adjust other ArcGIS Online sources

Some functionality in the organization has been preconfigured to use services or content from ArcGIS Online. When working in disconnected environments, you can disable these services and content by adjusting the organization properties. Example properties include the following:

  • extentService: "<URL to local map service>",—The extent service is used to update or set the extent of a web map item on the Set Extent dialog box in the organization. By default, the extent service originates from ArcGIS Online. In a disconnected environment, you'll need to configure your organization with a GIS Server tiled map service. The service must use the WGS84 geographic coordinate system with well-known ID (WKID) 4326.

  • gcsBasemapService: "<URL to local map service>",—The GCS basemap service is used as the basemap for OGC WMS services that do not support the Web Mercator coordinate system. By default, the GCS basemap service originates from ArcGIS Online. In a disconnected environment, you'll need to configure your organization with a GIS Server map service. The service must use the WGS84 geographic coordinate system with well-known ID (WKID) 4326.

  • configurePortalAGOEnv: "www.arcgis.com",—Used to determine the proxy used for configured utility services. The default proxy for configured utility services is www.arcgis.com. In a disconnected environment, set this property to false.

  • portalAGOConfigEnabled: true,—Controls the display of the ArcGIS Online tab in the organization's Settings page. In a disconnected environment, set this property to false.

  • portalLivingAtlasConfigEnabled: true,—Together with the portalAGOConfigEnabled property, this property controls the display of the Configure Living Atlas Content section in the ArcGIS Online tab in the organization's Settings page. In a disconnected environment, set this property to false.

  • searchArcGISOnlineEnabled: true,—With this property, you can disable the option in Map Viewer Classic to search for layers in ArcGIS Online. The default is true. When disabled, the option to search for layers in ArcGIS Online is hidden from the Search for Layers dialog box in Map Viewer Classic. In a disconnected environment, set this property to false.

To learn more about the properties you can modify, see the Sharing API documentation and follow steps to set advanced portal options.

Upgrade or update

When a software update or upgrade is available, you need to retrieve container images that are relevant to the update to apply it in your organization. Complete the following steps to upgrade or update your organization:

Note:

When preparing to download images to apply an update or upgrade to ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes, review prepare for deployment as well as the upgrade requirements. The amount of disk space to allocate depends on the required set of images for a specific update or software release.

  1. Run the create-offline-manifest.sh script to download and upload the latest manifest from Esri into your organization.
  2. Use the image-download.sh script to retrieve images from the Esri private repository.
  3. Use the image-upload.sh script to import the images to your own container registry.
  4. Use ArcGIS Enterprise Manager or ArcGIS Enterprise Administrator API to apply an update or upgrade to your organization.