System requirements

The minimum hardware and infrastructure required to run ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes 11.2 are described below. These requirements also apply when deploying in a disconnected environment.

Supported environments

System requirements and specifications apply across all supported environments except where noted. For this release, the following environments are supported:

It is recommended that you disable auto-upgrade in your Kubernetes cluster. When your cluster is enabled with auto-upgrade, the nodes will automatically be updated with the latest version of Kubernetes and these future versions may not yet be supported for ArcGIS Enterprise.

When upgrading your environment, you must upgrade ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes before upgrading Kubernetes to a supported version.

The following versions for each environment have been tested and are supported:

Supported environmentSupported Kubernetes version

Managed Kubernetes services on the cloud (AKS, EKS, GKE)

Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform

(including ROSA and ARO) [4.12- 4.14]

RKE and RKE2

1.25 - 1.28


ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes is only supported on CPUs that adhere to the x86_64 architecture (64 bit). Worker nodes must be Linux based.

Container registry

Container images for ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes are accessible from a private Docker Hub organization. Esri will provide access to this organization's repositories to those who are deploying ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes. When deploying in a disconnected environment, you will need to push images from the private Docker Hub organization to your own private container registry that is accessible from your cluster.

Obtain an Esri license

To authorize your ArcGIS Enterprise organization during deployment, you need an ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes license file in JSON format (.json file). To obtain this license file, visit My Esri with privileges to take licensing action.

Worker nodes

ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes is deployed with one of three architecture profiles. Recommendations for resource (CPU and memory) requests and limits and overall compute requirements vary based on the selected profile. Recommendations for each profile are provided below.

The following are the minimum node requirements for each architecture profile. It is recommended that each worker/agent node have a minimum of 8 CPU and 32 GiB of memory. In order to compensate for the download of the container images associated with ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes, it is also recommended to have a minimum root disk size of 100GiB.

If you are licensing your organization with premium capabilities, you must add an additional worker node for each architecture profile support the added capabilities.

Architecture profileMinimum worker/agent nodesTotal minimum CPUTotal minimum GiB

Enhanced availability




Standard availability








The pods in the ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes deployment are distributed across the worker nodes in the cluster. The worker node clocks must be synchronized to a common source so that times are consistent within the cluster. When scaling the deployment or adding another ArcGIS Enterprise deployment to the cluster, you need to provision hardware accordingly. This may require an increase in the default maximum number of pods per node. The number of pods that are initially created varies with each architecture profile. As you scale horizontally or add functionality, the number of pods increases.


The security requirements for ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes are described below.

Role-based access control

Role-based access control (RBAC) must be enabled on the Kubernetescluster. To deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes, you do not need cluster-admin privileges. If you do not have cluster-admin privileges, the user must have minimum namespace administrative privileges. You can assign the user a default ClusterRole by creating a RoleBinding in the namespace. For more information, review the RBAC role resource.

Register a data folder

To publish items using file-based data, such as items published from a file geodatabase, you will need to place the data in an NFS shared location. This NFS share must be registered with the ArcGIS Enterprise organization to avoid copying the data to the server while publishing. To register the shared folder successfully, you will need to grant file-level read permissions to others. You can secure the NFS share at the network or infrastructure level by allowing network access to the pod IP range.


Network requirements include a FQDN and load balancer. Details for each are provided below.

Fully qualified domain name

ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes requires a FQDN (for example, You can use an existing domain name system (DNS) to create one or use a Cloud DNS service such as Amazon Route 53. You can create the DNS record after deployment; however, you must provide its value during deployment. At this release, the FQDN cannot be modified after deployment.

Load balancer

A load balancer is required to direct traffic across each worker node. You can provision the following load balancers from the deployment script without manual configuration:

  • Azure Load Balancer (public or internal)—A preprovisioned static public IP address and DNS label can be specified in the deployment script.
  • AWS Network Load Balancer (internet-facing or internal)—Other load balancing services can be used; however, they must be configured manually with each cluster node.

    The AWS Load Balancer Controller add-on is required to create Network Load Balancers in either a public or private subnet.

  • Google Cloud Platform TCP Load Balancer (internet-facing or internal)—A preprovisioned static public IP address can be specified in the deployment script.

To implement layer 7 load balancing capabilities such as a web application firewall or meet other organization requirements for ingress to the deployed application using a pre-existing ingress controller, follow the deployment steps for integrating with a cluster-level ingress controller.

When using a self-managed load balancer or reverse proxy such as NGINX, specify the following connection: proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host;. This header is needed to ensure that traffic is properly routed to your ArcGIS Enterprise organization's URL.


ArcGIS Enterprise does not support SSL offloading through a reverse proxy/load balancer. If your configuration uses a reverse proxy, it must redirect to either the ArcGIS Web Adaptor or directly to the organization over HTTPS.

IP requirements

Planning your cluster network in advance is essential for ensuring a successful deployment, appropriate scaling requirements, and the ability to upgrade. ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes initially deploys 47-66 pods, depending on the architecture profile. The number of pods will increase as additional capabilities are added, the deployment is scaled, and during the upgrading process.

Each pod is assigned a unique IP address, and depending on the cluster network configuration, pods can either get their IP addresses from a logically different address space from that of the host network (an overlay network) or from the host subnet. For example, if you configure your cluster to use Kubenet in Azure (default), pods will receive an IP address from a logically different address space and will be able to reach Azure resources using NAT.

Kubernetes supports Container Network Interface (CNI) and platforms such as AKS and EKS, which use platform-specific CNI plug-ins for cluster networking. For example, EKS clusters use Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) CNI by default. If the cluster is configured with a CNI plug-in, pods will receive IP addresses from the host subnet and a corresponding pool of IPs available in the VPC/VNet.

If you do not have a sufficient number of IPs available in the host subnets, the deployment will either fail, or you will not be able to scale the deployment. For example, if an EKS cluster is configured with two subnets each and a /26 IPv4 address prefix (64 available IPv4 addresses each), there cannot be more than 126 IP addresses available for the pods. While you may be able to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes in this cluster, you will not be able to scale the deployment to have 80 feature service pods, as this scaling requirement will exceed the number of IP addresses available.

System storage

ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes requires persistent volumes (PVs) for system storage, which can be provisioned dynamically through a storage class or statically by an administrator prior to creating the organization. Learn more about static provisioning and dynamic provisioning.

Stateful workloads of ArcGIS Enterprise include relational database management systems and NoSQL databases. It is recommended that you provision PVs on block storage devices that provide low latency, such as EBS volumes when using EKS, Azure Disks when using AKS, Persistent Disks when using GKE, and vSphereVolume or Longhorn volumes when deploying to self-managed clusters.

Because these PVs store your organization's data and settings, you must protect them using restrictive security policies. For PVs based on network file storage, such as NFS, Azure Files, and GlusterFS, ensure that the permissions are set to prevent unauthorized access. For block storage, such as EBS, Azure Disk, vSphereVolume, and Longhorn volumes, ensure that access to the storage volumes is restricted to only those users who need it.

The following are descriptions of storage volumes and their intended purpose:


Persistent volume requirements are stated for 11.2 and may differ from prior versions.

  • In-memory—Stores temporary system resources.
  • Item packages—Stores large uploads and packages to support publishing workflows.
  • Object—Stores uploaded and saved content, hosted tile, image, and scene layer caches, and geoprocessing output.
  • Queue—Stores asynchronous geoprocessing jobs.
  • Relational—Stores hosted feature data and administrative aspects such as customization and configuration settings. Two are required for deployment.
  • Spatiotemporal and index—Stores logs and indexes as well as hosted feature data.

    Spatiotemporal-hosted feature layers are not supported at this release.

  • Usage metric data—Stores GIS service usage data.

Consider the storage requirements for your organization and define the size for each PV accordingly.

Client workstation

The deployment scripts are bash scripts that can be run from a remote client workstation. The user running the scripts must have read and write access for the scripts to write temporary resource files to subdirectories.


Due to known compatibility issues, Linux emulators are not supported to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes.

You need the following when setting up your client workstation (download links are provided):

  • Kubectl
  • An environment-specific command line interface (CLI)

Kubectl is a prerequisite to run the deployment script. Use Kubectl installation and setup to download the Kubernetes command line tool.


The kubectl client version must be within one minor release of the Kubernetes server version. For example, kubectl 1.24 is compatible with Kubernetes cluster versions 1.23-1.25.

When managing your deployment, you can use environment-specific command line tools. Use the following links to download an environment-specific CLI:

TLS certificate

ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes uses an NGINX-based ingress controller. This ingress controller is namespace scoped and is deployed to listen to only ingress traffic for the ArcGIS Enterprise namespace. A TLS certificate is required with the FQDN in the certificate common name and subject alternate name. Either a CA-signed certificate or a self-signed certificate can be used; however, for security reasons, a CA-signed certificate is recommended. This is the default TLS certificate for the ingress controller.  The following certificate options are available in the deployment script to apply a TLS certificate for ingress traffic:

  • An existing TLS secret that contains a private key and certificate
  • A .pfx file that contains a private key and certificate
  • A PEM-formatted private key and certificate
  • A self-signed certificate

ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes supports using a TLS certificate for the ingress controller that is issued and managed by Kubernetes cert-manager. This certificate must be stored in a TLS secret in the same namespace as ArcGIS Enterprise. The TLS secret can then be referenced either during deployment or after the ArcGIS Enterprise organization is created.

ArcGIS Pro

  • ArcGIS Pro 3.2 is the companion release for ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes 11.2. To benefit from the latest features available, use ArcGIS Pro 3.2.
  • To publish services to ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes, ArcGIS Pro 2.8 or later is required.
  • To consume services from ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes, ArcGIS Pro 2.7 or later is required.

When registering a data store item from an enterprise geodatabase, the geodatabase version must be or later.

To benefit from the latest features available, upgrade your geodatabase version to

The geodatabase version number is a combination of ArcGIS Enterprise and ArcGIS Pro release numbers. For more information, review client and geodatabase compatibility.